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Insomnia and Other Sleep Disorders

06 May 2023

Sleeping Disorders at a Glance

Sleep disorders are a wide-ranging set of conditions that affect the body's ability to fall asleep and stay asleep, leading to fatigue and impaired mental performance. Disorders range from sleep apnea to insomnia and can have serious physical and emotional repercussions if left untreated. Individuals must be aware of the symptoms, causes, and treatments available for insomnia and other sleep disorders to combat this issue.

Types of Sleep Disorders

There are numerous sleep disorders; each can have its causes and symptoms. Let's look at a few of them.


Insomnia is by far the most common condition among sleeping disorders. It causes difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. Stress, a poor sleeping environment, or certain medications might cause it. Symptoms of insomnia include feeling tired during the day, irritability, and difficulty concentrating.

Restless Leg Syndrome

Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) is a disorder that causes an irresistible urge to move one's legs. Sufferers feel burning, tingling, or itching sensations in their legs and may experience pain when they lie down at night. The exact cause of RLS is unknown, but it can often be managed with lifestyle changes such as avoiding caffeine and alcohol, exercising regularly, and using hot or cold packs.


Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that affects the brain's ability to regulate sleep-wake cycles. People with narcolepsy experience excessive daytime sleepiness interrupted nighttime sleeping patterns, sudden muscle weakness triggered by emotions (cataplexy), and hallucinations or vivid dreaming during sleep. Narcolepsy can be managed with lifestyle changes and medication.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is when breathing stops for several seconds during sleep due to blocked airways. It can cause snoring, fatigue, morning headaches, difficulty concentrating, and irritability during the day. Treatment for sleep apnea includes lifestyle changes such as losing weight, quitting smoking, and using a continuous positive air pressure machine.

Circadian Rhythm Disturbances

Circadian rhythm disturbances are disruptions in the body's natural sleep-wake cycle. It can be caused by travel, working night shifts, or health conditions such as depression or anxiety. Symptoms of circadian rhythm disturbances include trouble falling asleep at night and feeling awake during the day. Treatment involves managing triggers such as stress and light exposure at night to help restore a regular sleep cycle.

The Impact of Poor-Quality Sleep on Overall Health

It's no secret that a lack of quality sleep can have an adverse effect on your physical and mental health. What you may not know, however, is just how wide-reaching the effects of poor-quality sleep are.

From the increased risk of serious medical conditions such as diabetes and heart disease to the negative impact on cognitive performance, skimping on zzzs can be devastating. Let's look at some of the outcomes in detail.

Feeling Tired During the Day

It's natural to feel tired sometimes, but chronic fatigue signifies that you may miss out on the restorative power of quality sleep. If you find yourself yawning throughout the day or needing multiple cups of coffee to stay awake, it could be a sign that your body isn't getting enough of the rest it needs.

Weight Gain

Studies have shown that people who don't get enough sleep are more likely to gain weight than those who get good shut-eye. This is partly because when we're tired, our bodies crave higher-calorie foods as an energy boost - and this can lead to unhealthy snacking habits, which add up over time.

Poor Mental Health

One of the most important effects of poor quality sleep is on mental health. A lack of restful sleep can lead to feelings of depression and anxiety, as well as low self-esteem and reduced motivation in life. People who don't get enough sleep often find it hard to concentrate, remember, or make decisions.

Weakened Immune System

Getting enough restful sleep is vital for keeping our immune systems in shape. Poor quality sleep can weaken the body's ability to fight off disease and infection, making us more vulnerable to illness and taking longer to recover when we get sick.

Getting a good night's sleep can hugely impact overall physical and mental health. So, if you're struggling to stay awake during the day or feeling moody and low, make sure you pay extra attention to your sleep routine!

Diagnosing and Treating Sleep Disorders

Diagnosing sleep disorders is no easy feat. After all, the National Institutes of Health has said that more than 40 million Americans suffer from a sleep disorder, and many go undiagnosed and untreated. But diagnosing and treating sleep disorders doesn't have to be overwhelming or intimidating. By learning more about common types of sleep disorders, their causes, symptoms, and treatments, you can take charge of your health—and catch those Zs too!

When diagnosing sleep disorders, your doctor will likely start with questions about your personal history and lifestyle habits. They'll want to know if you have any pre-existing conditions that could be related to sleep problems, such as diabetes or depression. Your doctor may also consider how much sleep you usually get each night and your activities before bed.

Once they have the initial information, your physician may suggest that you undergo some testing. For example, they might refer you for overnight polysomnography (PSG), essentially an overnight study where sensors measure the quality of your sleep by tracking brain activity, breathing patterns, muscle activity, and other physiological aspects.

Your doctor can use this information to make an accurate diagnosis, which will be essential for determining the most effective treatment plan. Depending on the severity of your sleep disorder, your physician may recommend lifestyle modifications, such as avoiding caffeine before bed or exercising more regularly during the day. They might also suggest relaxation techniques like deep breathing or meditation to improve sleep quality.

In some cases, medications may be prescribed to help with specific symptoms associated with a sleep disorder. These drugs can include sedatives, stimulants, and antidepressants—but they should only be taken under the supervision of a doctor to prevent any potential negative side effects.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) could also be used as an effective treatment for sleep disorders. This therapy focuses on identifying and changing any negative thoughts or behaviors associated with poor sleep habits, allowing you to create healthier routines.

Getting Better Quality Restful Sleep

Before heading out to the doctor to help you sleep better, there are some changes you can make to your lifestyle to help you sleep better. Here are a few tips to get you started.

Stick to a Regular Bedtime Routine

Going to bed and waking up at the same times every day will help you to stick to a regular sleep pattern. Not only does this make it easier for your body to fall asleep, but it also helps you feel more rested when you wake up in the morning.

Create a Calming Bedtime Environment

Make sure your bedroom is dark, quiet, and comfortable. The temperature should be cool enough to allow for restful sleep. Remove any electronics from your room if possible, as they can cause distraction and disrupt sleep cycles.

Limit Caffeine Intake

Avoid drinking caffeine late in the day or close to bedtime, as this can interfere with sleep quality. If necessary, switch out caffeinated beverages like coffee and tea with herbal teas or decaffeinated options.

Exercise Regularly

Regular exercise helps to promote better quality sleep by allowing the body to wind down. Try to avoid exercising close to bedtime, however, as this can increase alertness and make it difficult for your body to relax.

Prioritize Relaxation

Take some time before bed to practice relaxation techniques like deep breathing, yoga, or meditation. These activities help your body transition into a state of restfulness, making it easier to fall asleep quickly.

Invest in Ergonomic Beds

Ergonomic mattresses and pillows allow your body to relax and sleep more deeply. If you've been sleeping on an old, lumpy mattress for years, it may be time to upgrade!

Adjustable Bed Base S4

The Adjustable Bed Base S4 allows you to adjust your bed by raising or lowering it from the head or foot side. You can raise the head side by up to sixty degrees and the foot side by up to 35 degrees.

The bed base frame is made from top-quality carbon steel, providing strong support without compromising comfort. FlexiSpot has ensured that all details are done to perfection to ensure you can use the bed base easily and confidently.

The adjustments are made by superbly quiet and powerful motors that ensure flawless and smooth adjustments even when the bed is at a full weight capacity of 600 pounds. The motor can be controlled using a wireless remote control with backlit buttons to make it convenient in the dark.

With the Split King Bed Base, you can enjoy the perfect sleeping position and quality restful sleep without straining your body. You and your partner can share the bed while both have different favorite sleeping positions. For instance, if you like to keep your head lowered while your partner wants to raise the head side of the bed, you don't have to toss or argue. Both of you can adjust the bed according to your preference.

Final Thoughts

Sleep disorders such as insomnia can be difficult to manage and greatly impact your overall health, but with the right lifestyle changes, you can improve the quality of your sleep. Taking steps like sticking to a regular bedtime routine, creating a calming bedroom environment, limiting caffeine intake, exercising regularly, and investing in ergonomic beds can all help you get better quality restful sleep.